Soccer Referee Resources
Home
Ask a Question
Articles
Recent Questions
Search

RSS FEED Subscribe Now!

Q&A Quick Search
The Field of Play
The Ball
The Players
The Players Equipment
The Referee
The Other Match Officials
The Duration of the Match
The Start and Restart of Play
The Ball In and Out of Play
Offside
Fouls and Misconduct
Free Kicks
Penalty kick
Throw In
Goal Kick
Corner Kick


Common Sense
Kicks - Penalty Mark
The Technical Area
The Fourth Official
Pre-Game
Fitness
Mechanics
Attitude and Control
League Specific
High School
Other


Common Acronyms
Meet The Ref
Advertise
Contact AskTheRef
Help Wanted
About AskTheRef
Panel Login

Question Number: 32919

Law 14 - The Penalty kick 12/16/2018

RE: Competitive Adult

John of Altanta, Georgia USA asks...

Law 13 states that if the offensive team commits an offense (and not one of the three more serious offenses) and a goal is scored, the penalty kick is retaken.

However, if both the offensive team and the defensive team commit an offense (again not one of the three more serious offenses) and a goal is scored, then there is an IDFK.

Why is it that the defense committing an offense removes the possibility of a re-take of the kick?

Doesn't this encourage the defense to violate the laws (by entering the penalty area, say) if the offense has entered first, just to make the kick even more in their favor?

Answer provided by Referee Peter Grove

Hi John,
The law relating to penalty kicks is Law 14 and I think you have misread it. Law 14 states that, no matter what the outcome, if:

''a player of both teams offends the Laws of the Game, the kick is retaken unless a player commits a more serious offence''

I think perhaps you are confusing this with one of the following provisions. One is the provision that if the attacking team commits one of the more serious offences there is an indirect free kick to the defending team.

Then there is the separate provision that if a goal is scored where:

''both the goalkeeper and kicker commit an offence at the same time: [...] the goal is disallowed, the kicker is cautioned and play restarts with an indirect free kick to the defending team''

The reason for this was given in the 'Details of all Law changes' section in 2017 when this change was introduced, as follows:

''if a goal is scored the goalkeeper has not committed a cautionable (YC) offence but as the kicker's offence is cautionable (YC) it is 'more serious' (see Law 5) and is therefore penalised.''

In other words, the provision in Law 5 applies, that says the referee punishes the more serious offence ''in terms of sanction, restart, physical severity and tactical impact, when more than one offence occurs at the same time.''



Read other questions answered by Referee Peter Grove

View Referee Peter Grove profile

Answer provided by Referee Joe McHugh

Hi John
When the major Laws rewrite happened in 2016 there were a number of fundamental changes to Law 14. Those have been outlined by Referee Grove.
In essence the genesis of the changes is that the more serious offence is punished when two offences happen at the same time.
So if the kicker and the goalkeeper offend at the same time with a goal scored then obviously the kicker has benefited with a goal scored which must be disallowed, the kicker cautioned and an IDFK to the defending team. If the goalkeeper saved the penalty kick then he is cautioned and the kick is retaken.
On regular encroachment by both teams not including the goalkeeper the kick is retaken as there is no more serious offence to be considered.
So there is no benefit whatsoever for the defending team to infringe Law 14 provided of course it is picked up by the referee. If the offending team infringe only and a goal is not scred it is a retake.



Read other questions answered by Referee Joe McHugh

View Referee Joe McHugh profile

Ask a Follow Up Question to Q# 32919
Read other Q & A regarding Law 14 - The Penalty kick

Google
Web AskTheRef.com
Soccer Referee Extras


Did you Ask the Ref? Find your answer here.


Enter Question Number

If you received a response regarding a submitted question enter your question number above to find the answer


Offside Question?

Offside Explained by Chuck Fleischer & Richard Dawson, Former & Current Editor of AskTheRef





This web site and the answers to these questions are not sanctioned by or affiliated with any governing body of soccer. The opinions expressed on this site should not be considered official interpretations of the Laws of the Game and are merely opinions of AskTheRef and our panel members. If you need an official ruling you should contact your state or local representative through your club or league. On AskTheRef your questions are answered by a panel of licensed referees. See Meet The Ref for details about our panel members.